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Directions (1- 10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.


 Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on a person's health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems. In other words, it means to be dangerously overweight. Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide, with increasing prevalence in adults and children, and authorities view it as one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century. To know if a person is overweight, the body mass index (BMI) is calculated, by dividing the weight (in kilograms) by the height of the person in meters, squared (multiplied by itself). This is only meaningful for adults who are fully grown and should not be used for children. In children a healthy weight varies with age and gender. Obesity in children and adolescents is defined not as an absolute number but in relation to a historical normal group. A BMI between 20 and 24 is considered normal. People with a BMI of 24 or more are said to be overweight; with 30 and above, they are considered obese, and with 35 and above, they are considered severely obese (this used to be called morbidly obese). In general, the BMI number is a good quantifiable measurement of a person's obesity, however it is a poor predictor in people who are very athletic, because a person with a higher than average amount of muscle tissue will weigh more than an average person, thus resulting in a BMI that is higher than normal, even if that person is very large fat people of America. Someone who is1.75m tall, and has a weight of 80 kg, would have a BMI of 80 / 3.0625. This gives a BMI of 26.12. He or she would therefore be considered overweight. Obesity is usually helped by diet (being careful about what food to eat) and exercise. Some people also use weight loss programs. In severe cases, drugs can be given. In very severe cases, weight-loss surgery can be done. Obesity usually occurs because of over-eating and lack of enough exercise and is easily treated by not eating so much food. Many cultures throughout history viewed obesity as the result of a character flaw. The obesus or fat character in Greek comedy was a glutton and figure of mockery. In fact, the Greeks were the first to recognize obesity as a medical disorder. Hippocrates said, "Corpulence is not only a disease itself, but the harbinger of others". It was known to the Indian surgeon Sushruta (6th century BCE), who related obesity to diabetes and heart disorder. He recommended physical work to help cure it and its side effects. During Christian times food was viewed as a gateway to the sins of sloth and lust. But, for much of human history mankind struggled with food scarcity, and so obesity has sometimes been viewed as a sign of wealth and prosperity. It was common among high officials in Europe in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance as well as in Ancient East Asian civilizations. With the onset of the industrial revolution it was realized that the military and economic might of nations were dependent on both the body size and strength of their soldiers and workers. Increasing the average body mass index from what is now considered underweight to what is now the normal range played a significant role in the development of industrialized societies. Height and weight thus both increased through the 19th century in the developed world. During the 20th century, as populations reached their genetic potential for height, weight began increasing much more than height, resulting in obesity. In the 1950s increasing wealth in the developed world decreased child mortality, but as body weight increased heart and kidney disease became more common.

Q1. The BMI number is a good quantifiable measurement of a person's obesity but it has certain limitations. Justify.

Q2. What makes the BMI measure higher than normal for


athletic people?

Q3. As per the passage, how can obesity be prevented in people?

Q4. Obesity has sometimes been viewed as a sign of wealth and prosperity. Why?

Q5. In the developed world, which of the following is/ are the shift(s) that were seen during the 19th and 20th century?


(I) Increase in the average body mass index.


(II) Decrease in the child mortality.


(III) Increase in the heart and kidney diseases.

Q6. Which of the following cannot be inferred from the passage above?

Directions (7-8): Choose the word/group of words which is most SIMILAR in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in passage.


Q7. Sloth

Q8. Glutton

Directions (9-10): Choose the word/group of words which is most OPPOSITE in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in passage.


Q9. Prevalence

Q10. Accumulated

Directions (11-15): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number (A, B, C or D) of this part is your answer. If there is no error in the statement, then mark option (e) as your answer choice.


Q11. Finally, the retiring judge (A)/ would address to the assembly (B)/ and share his own experiences and (C)/ advice for the future. (D)/

Q12. It is too early to talk or indulge in wishful (A)/ thinking


about future calculations. Let us first (B)/contest the elections


and win a sizeable number (C)/ of seats in order to being able to


form a government. (D)/

Q13. The measure is aim at (A)/ promoting e-vehicle’s use and the (B)/ government is considering exemption (C)/ from permits for such vehicles. (D)/

Q14. When Mr Tamhankar realized she wasn’t (A)/ going to change her mind, Ron wound a (B)/handkerchief around her throat from behind and (C)/ strangle her till she stopped moving. (D)/

Q15. He has produced dozens (A)/ of research papers and until (B)/recently continued to review and (C)/ edit for different ecology journals. (D)/

Directions (16-20): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.


Seven Persons – P, Q, R, S, T, U, and V – live on separate floors of a seven-storied building, but not in the same order. The ground floor of the building is numbered 1, the floor above it 2 and so on until the topmost floor is numbered 7. Each person likes different colours – Blue, Black, White, Red, Pink, Purple, Grey, but not necessarily in the same order. P doesn’t like black color and live above S. The one who likes purple colour lives on even numbered floor below floor numbered 6. S who likes white live on odd numbered floor below the floor who likes purple colour. V lives on 6th floor. The one who likes blue color lives on floor number 5. Same number of person lives above and below Q. R lives immediate above the one who likes grey color. T lives immediate below the one who likes grey color. Two person lives between T and U. P lives immediate below the one who likes Red color


 


Q16. How many persons live between the floors on which V and


S live?

Q17. Which of the following statements is/are true according to the given information?

Q18. Who among the following lives on the floor immediately above the floor of P?

Q19. Who among the following lives exactly between the floors on which V and Q live?

Q20. Who among the following does like grey colour?

QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE


Q1. A train leaves Calcutta at 7.30 am and travels 40 km an hour, another train leaves Calcutta at noon and travels 64 km an hour, when and where will the second train overtake the first?

Q2. Ashok and Mohan can do a piece of work in 12 days. Mohan and Binod together do it in 15 days. If Ashok is twice as good a workman as Binod. In how much time will Mohan alone can do the work?

Q3. 12 men complete a work in 18 days. 6 days after they had started working, 4 men join them. How many more days will all of them take to complete the remaining work?

Q4. Out of the three given numbers, the first number is twice the second and thrice the third. If the average of the three numbers is 154, what is the difference between the first and their third number?

Q5. The batting avg. for 40 innings of a cricket player is 50 runs. His highest score exceeds his lowest score by 172 runs. If these two innings are excluded, the average of the remaining 38 innings is 48. What would be his highest score?

Q6. Ramesh has 20% savings with him from his monthly salary. If expenditure on clothing is 25% of overall expenditure and his total expenditure except clothing is 3600 then find his saving.

Q7. The income of A is 150% of the income of B and the income of C is 120% of the income of A. If the total income of A, B and C together is Rs 86,000, what is C’s income?

Q8. An orange vendor makes a profit of 20% by selling oranges at a certain price. If he charges Rs 1.2 higher per orange he would gain 40%. Find the original price at which he sold an orange.

Q9. A grocer purchased 2 kg. of rice at the rate of Rs 15 per kg. and 3 kg. of rice at the rate of Rs 13 per kg. At what price per kg. Should he sell the mixture to earn 33.33% profit on the cost price

Q10 An article is sold at a loss of 10%. Had it been sold for 9 more, there would have been a gain of 12.5% on it, then what is the cost price of the article?

Directions (11-15): What should come in place of the question mark (?) in following number series problems?


Q11.  4 , 8 , ? , 42 , 91 , 212

Q12.   5616 , 1872 , 468 , 156 , ? , 13

Q13.   119 , 176 , 260 , 371 , 509 , ?

Q14.   4 , 10 , 40 , 190 , 940 , ?

Q15.   123 , 129 , 147 , 185 , 251 , ?